In his book ‘21 Lessons for the 21st Century’, historian and author Yuval Noah Harari recommends that all schools must teach the four Cs in order to face the VUCA world.
He writes, “…since we have no idea how the world or the job market will look in 2050, we don’t really know what skills people will need. We might invest a lot of effort teaching kids how to write in C++ or how to speak Chinese, only to discover that by 2050, AI can code software far better than humans and a new Google Translate App enables you to converse in almost flawless Mandarin, Cantonese or Hakka…”
“So, what should we be teaching? Many pedagogical experts argue that schools should switch to teaching the four Cs’ – critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity. More broadly, schools should downplay technical skills and emphasise general purpose life skills. Most important of all will be the ability to deal with change, to learn new things and to preserve your mental balance in unfamiliar situations. In order to keep up with the world of 2050, you will need, not merely to invent new ideas and products, – you will above all need to reinvent yourself again and again.”
What changes could one expect at the intersections of biotechnology, artificial intelligence, climate change, manufactured news, big data, political and social polarity, and the subtle and creeping control of the corporates and governments as to what we should think, and how we should live? We don’t have much of a clue.
Are we equipping ourselves and the future generations to intelligently address this situation where we have to invent ourselves again and again?